Although the intricacies of the method range state by state, it usually entails a small panel of individuals reviewing a poll to find out both the voter’s intent or whether or not the poll will be counted in any respect primarily based on whether or not the voter was eligible to forged it.

“The entire level of this course of is to cope with these ballots the place it is unsure both whether or not the individual is eligible to vote or how that individual has made a selection,” stated Rick Hasen, a CNN contributor and election regulation knowledgeable on the College of California, Irvine.

The method may very well be used within the counting of provisional ballots, that are forged when there is a query a couple of voter’s eligibility, or to depend ballots that, for instance, might need gotten “bodily mangled within the technique of making an attempt to place them by way of a scanning machine,” based on Hasen.

“When these sorts of garden-variety issues come up, election boards or different our bodies must resolve the best way to deal with these ballots,” he stated.

Hasen careworn that the method is routine and isn’t uncommon for this election,” however that “we care about it now due to the prospect of an in depth election.”

The method is underway in quite a lot of the battleground states, together with Georgia and North Carolina, two locations the place President Donald Trump and former vice chairman Joe Biden are locked in an in depth race. However Hasen stated that though ballots in these states are being adjudicated, it is unlikely that the method will play an outsized position within the general vote depend in these states.
Members of an adjudication review panel look over scanned absentee ballots at the Fulton County Election Preparation Center on November 4, 2020, in Atlanta.

“This course of goes to go on in Georgia, however persons are solely going to care about it if the election is so shut {that a} ballot-by-ballot examination might make a distinction within the consequence,” he stated.

The adjudication course of differs relying on the state and county. In the State Farm Arena in Atlanta, Georgia, for instance, a panel comprised of a Republican, a Democrat and an impartial look out for errors on ballots.

However within the neighboring DeKalb County, teams of 4 adjudicators work collectively — one Republican, one Democrat, two independents — to vote on whether or not a poll is OK, and that its intent will be ascertained. The vote is often unanimous but when it is 2-2, they name an election supervisor within the room to interrupt the tie, although that is hardly ever a difficulty.

In North Carolina, provisional ballots are adjudicated to find out whether or not the voter was eligible to forged the poll.

“Based mostly on the analysis, county board of elections members make ultimate determinations about voter eligibility. Election outcomes aren’t finalized till all provisional ballots which are eligible are counted,” based on the state’s Board of Elections website.
And in Nevada, one other intently watched battleground state, a “Facts vs. Myths” sheet revealed by the secretary of state’s workplace stated mailed ballots unable to be learn by an digital scanner are “despatched to an adjudication or duplication crew, each of that are overseen by a bipartisan election board.”

CNN’s Aditi Sangal contributed to this report.

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